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Making a living in a new country
Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of six self-contained essays focusing on immigrants' maintenance in Sweden. These six essays study immigrants' incomes from different sources. The first three focus on immigrants' incomes from work and on their position in the Swedish public transfer system.

Essay I investigates whether there are differences in income from work between immigrants and natives and between different immigrant groups. The results show that there are such differences, not only between immigrants and natives but also between different categories of immigrants. Thus, as regards income from work, it is considerably lower among immigrant cohorts arriving late than for those arriving early as well as for natives. Furthermore, the variety in this respect is also great among immigrants from different regions.

Essay II examines the reliance of immigrants on Sweden's public transfer system. The overall conclusion is that the immigrants' total level of participation in the public transfer system is determined by their rate of unemployment, their state of health, their length of residence in Sweden and on their origin.

Essay III investigates whether there are differences between immigrants and natives in disposable income and the probability of having a low disposable income. The study shows that in both of these respects there are again differences between immigrants and natives as well as between different immigrant groups. The remaining three papers focus on self-employment. This is the main topic of Essay IV, which shows that non-Nordic immigrants arriving at an early date have higher self-employment rates than the native population. It seems as if self-employment among immigrants is to some extent positively correlated with time in the country. A number of possible explanations for the differences observed in self-employment rates between immigrants and natives and between different immigrant groups are presented in the study.

In Essay V we direct our attention to the risk of re-unemployment for individuals assigned to the Swedish self employment scheme. The results show that non-European immigrants and immigrants from Eastern Europe run a higher risk of re-unemployment than the native population.

Essay VI differs from the previous studies in its focus on second generation immigrants. The primary purpose of this paper is to investigate to what extent second generation immigrants in Sweden are pulled into self-employment by self-employment traditions. The main findings of the study are that such traditions seem to play an important role for the individual's self-employment propensity as regards the sons of fathers from Nordic, Eastern and Western European countries and also for natives. On the other hand, for the sons of male immigrants with a Southern or a non-European background self-employment traditions seem to be less important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001.
Series
Acta Wexionensia, ISSN 1404-4307 ; 9
Keywords [en]
Immigrants, second generation immigrants, income assimilation, public transfer system, self-employment, self-employment traditions
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-48ISBN: 91-7636-283-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-48DiVA, id: diva2:206782
Public defence
2001-05-11, Weber, Växjö universitet, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2005-10-04 Created: 2005-10-04 Last updated: 2010-03-10Bibliographically approved

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Hammarstedt, Mats

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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