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Att vårda på uppdrag kräver visdom: En studie om lidandet hos och vårdandet av patienter som sexuellt förgripit sig på barn
Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
2004 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present study focuses on the caring of patients who have sexually abused children. To do research in a field that has been considered taboo has not been without problems. The conclusive factor for the decision to carry out the research was the fascinating and interesting paradox that, in spite of the caregivers having a mandate from the judicial system to do care for these patients, they do not understand how this care is to be given. The understanding of what caring for these patients can entail is based on the perspectives of the lifeworld of both the patients and the caregivers.

The theoretical perspective in this dissertation is that of the caring sciences while the epistemological framework is phenomenology. Research data consist of qualitative interviews.

The aim of the first study is to describe the patients’ suffering, and the aim of the second study is to describe the caregivers’ experiences of caring for these patients.

The essential meaning of the suffering felt by the patients is described in terms of the patients’ acknowledgement and then betrayal of their yearning to be part of a close human fellowship. The meaning structure of “caring”, can be understood as being lost in an obscure and unknown landscape. It challenges the caregivers and occasionally arouses strongly unpleasant but also strongly threatening feelings. However when the caregivers gain clarity on how to care they are able to find their caring courage and hope, even for these patients. The findings thus show that caring for patients who themselves do not see any opportunity of taking a place among other adults is a great challenge. The study also shows that the support that is needed to be successful in caring for these patients is a caring culture that can permeate both patients and caregivers. These patients, whose criminal acts appear to be bizarre and strange, need to learn to be able to bear their suffering without losing their humanity. The philosophical intermediate chapter shows that it is the body image of the patients that prevents them from becoming whole, i.e. existing fully, by it playing the existential drama that leads to sexual abuse.

It appears from this dissertation that in order for caring to be able to relieve the suffering felt by these patients, and thus prevent them from further abuse of children, then it is important as a caregiver to be able to allow the patients just to “be”. The research also shows that in order for caregivers to be able to understand what they receive from the patients they need support from both caring science and existential reflections. Such methods can help to clarify caring and to give possibilities for a freer and more creative thinking. Encountering and understanding different lifeworlds is necessary in order to give care based on a caring perspective. The patient group in the present study have been able to demonstrate this in a clearer way than has previously been done.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2004. , p. 230
Series
Acta Wexionensia, ISSN 1404-4307 ; 37/2004
Keywords [en]
Forensic psychiatry, pedophilia, suffering, caring, reflective lifeworld research, phenomenology, patient perspective, caregiver perspective, existence.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-541ISBN: 91-7636-405-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-541DiVA, id: diva2:206850
Public defence
2004-05-28, Linné, Växjö universitet, 351 95 Växjö, 10:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-05-15 Created: 2006-05-15 Last updated: 2010-03-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
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More languages
Output format
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