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Reduction of Pollutants in Stormwaterand Processwater from the WoodIndustry by Electrocoagulation
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences. (Enviromental engineering group)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4769-9472
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Although wood floor production does not use water in the production process, water consumptionis related to cleaning and washing of floor and machineries in different steps of the process line,which generate a number of small flows that are highly polluted.Besides this, the industry has a need to store large amounts of wood outside to be able to havecontinuity in the production. This takes up a lot of space outdoors and once it rains the water thathas been in contact with wood, oil and metals forms stormwater, which transports pollutants.Stormwater has for a long time not been seen as a problem and has often been discharged intorecipient water bodies without any treatment. During cold seasons, this also involves snowmelt thatcan transport high concentrations of different pollutants.This report describes the composition of process- and stormwater from a wood floor industry inNybro, Sweden regarding parameters such as COD, phenol, tannin and lignin. The concentrationsof phenols in the stormwater were found in a range considered toxic to marine life.Regarding the process water, high values was found for COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) and forother substances and elements potentially toxic (e.g. formaldehyde, wood resins, detergents andmetals). If these waters are directly released to a sewage treatment plant without any pre-treatmentprocess it can disturb the plant treatment efficiency; if released to a recipient water body, it cancause oxygen deficiency and consequently, death to marine life.The possibility of reducing the levels of pollutants through the use of electrocoagulation has beenexamined in this study. This has been done both for process water and stormwater from the woodfloor industry. A 250 ml batch unit for electrocoagulation EC was setup with iron (Fe) andaluminium (Al) electrodes for treating process water and stormwater. The results show that the ECprocess can reduce COD concentration from stormwater at least 70%. On the other hand, lessefficiency of EC for treating process water was observed.A method for simulating a snowmelt period in lab scale was also developed. Snow collected from awood floor industry was melted according to real temperature and the quality of these samples hasthen been compared to on-site samples of stormwater

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
Electrocoagulation, Processwater, Stormwater, Wood Industry, water treatment
National Category
Natural Sciences Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hik:diva-2530Archive number: 2010:M1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hik-2530DiVA, id: diva2:291285
Subject / course
Environmental Science
Presentation
(English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Development of an integrated approach for industrial wastewater and stormwater management in the wood-industry sectorAvailable from: 2010-02-01 Created: 2010-02-01 Last updated: 2016-05-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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