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Will immigration in the future make easier to support an ageing population?
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics. (Centrum för arbetsmarknadspolitisk forskning (CAFO) Nationalekonomi och statistik)
2010 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

 Sweden and many other Western countries are facing a demographic development with an ageing population which will burden their public finances. Already today, the sum of yearly public expenditures in Sweden is about 50 percent of gross national product (GNP). Will future immigration alleviate the burden on the welfare system? Immigrants usually have a low proportion of old people and a high proportion of people of working age. Calculations for Sweden up to the year 2050 show, however, that the positive net fiscal contribution of immigrants is small even if they are well integrated on the labour market. The reason is that future immigration will increase the size of the population and thereby raise not only tax receipts but also public expenses. The fiscal impact is sensitive to immigrants’ integration into the labour market. If, for example, the rate of labour force participation of future immigrants will be the same as that of foreign born now living in Sweden, the fiscal consequences would be negative, but small also in that case. For most years up to 2050, the calculated positive/negative net contribution effect is less than one percent of GNP. The same positive net contribution could be achieved through a better integration of immigrants already living in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnéuniversitet , 2010. no 1, p. 19
Series
CAFO Working Papers, Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University ; 2010:1
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-7192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-7192DiVA, id: diva2:297899
Available from: 2010-02-19 Created: 2010-02-19 Last updated: 2014-04-22Bibliographically approved

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http://swopec.hhs.se/vxcafo/abs/vxcafo2010_001.htm

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Ekberg, Jan

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf