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Exploring the transfer of R&D to China
University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This master thesis explores the transfer of R&D activities from Western MNC’s to their Chinese subsidiaries and how companies can leverage key enablers to address main barriers in this process. The research project is conducted as a multiple-case study consisting of three case companies: a Scandinavian pharmaceutical company , a Swiss/Swedish power and automation company and a global food and beverage company. The main rationale for conducting this study is that a significantly increasing level of foreign invested R&D is conducted in the Chinese environment with its increasingly important market. In order to preserve competitive advantages and secure global market penetration it could be necessary for other companies as well to undertake a similar process of transferring R&D.

The main barriers identified are the difficulty to find qualified employees in China, to train and retain the recruited employees and the language gaps that are present between the Western and the Chinese units. One key enabler applied to address these barriers is to organize activities at selected Chinese universities in order to attract skilled graduates. Utilizing expatriates and short-term traveling increases personal interaction between otherwise geographically distant employees together with providing training of increasing complexity are key enablers addressed to develop the Chinese employee’s knowledge. Language courses is the key enabler applied in order to decrease the language gaps, both Chinese courses for Westerners and English courses for Chinese.

In addition to identifying barriers and enablers and investigating their interrelatedness we propose a conceptual model for R&D transfer consisting of four elements to transfer together with implementation of the transferred knowledge at the receiving unit. In our view, the elements to transfer are physical objects, individual explicit knowledge, individual tacit knowledge and collective knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 176
Keywords [en]
globalization, MNC, People's Republic of China, knowledge transfer, knowledge sharing, R&D transfer, barriers, enablers
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-103DiVA, id: diva2:304211
Subject / course
Business Administration - Marketing
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Note
This thesis won Sparbanksstiftelsen Kronan's award of 50000 SEK.Available from: 2010-03-18 Created: 2010-03-17 Last updated: 2012-06-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf