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Changes in force and stiffness during stretch of skeletal muscle fibers, effects of hypertonicity
Department of Pharmacology, University of Lund.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5889-7792
1989 (English)In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 429-433Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Slow stretch ramps (velocity: 0.17 fiber lengths s-1) were imposed during fused tetanic contractions of intact muscle fibers of the frog (1.4–3.0 degrees C; sarcomere length: 2.12–2.21 microns). Instantaneous force-extension relations were derived both under isometric conditions and during slow stretch by applying fast (0.2 ms) length steps to the fiber. An increase in tonicity (98 mM sucrose added to control Ringer solution) led to significant reduction of the maximum isometric tension but at the same time to marked increase in the force enhancement during slow stretch. The maximum force level reached during the stretch was affected very little. Experiments on relaxed fibers showed that recruitment of passive parallel elastic components were of no relevance for these effects. Hypertonicity slightly increased the instantaneous stiffness of the active fiber both in the presence and in the absence of stretch. The total extension of the undamped fiber elasticity was considerably reduced by increased tonicity under isometric conditions but was only slightly affected during slow stretch. The change in length of the undamped cross-bride elasticity upon stretch was thus greater in the hypertonic than in the normotonic solution suggesting a greater increase in force per cross-bridge in the hypertonic medium. The contractile effects are consistent with the assumptions that hypertonicity reduces the capability of the individual cross-bridge to produce active force and, furthermore, that hypertonicity has only minor effects on the number of attached cross-bridges and the maximum load-bearing capacity of the individual bridge. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1989. Vol. 56, no 2, p. 429-433
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Biomedical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-927DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3495(89)82689-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-927DiVA, id: diva2:307710
Available from: 2010-04-01 Created: 2010-04-01 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Månsson, Alf

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