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Endothelin-1-induced phosphoinositide hydrolysis and contraction in isolated rabbit detrusor and urethral smooth muscle
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital of Lund .
1993 (English)In: General Pharmacology, ISSN 0306-3623, E-ISSN 1879-0011, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 131-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

1. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) caused a concentration-dependent increase in the formation of inositol phosphates (IPs) in isolated rabbit detrusor and urethral smooth muscle preparations prelabelled with myo-[H-3]inositol. 2. The increase in accumulation of IPs was slow in onset in both detrusor and urethra, with no significant accumulation demonstrable during the first 30 min. The increase in IPs accumulation found after exposure of detrusor tissue to ET-1 (10(-7) M) for 2 hr (250 +/- 38%, n = 7) was not significantly different from that found in the urethra (279 +/- 40%, n = 6), when expressed as per cent of corresponding control values. 3. Pretreatment with nifedipine (10(-6) M) did not reduce IPs formation. In contrast, no increase in IPs formation was demonstrated in Ca2+-free medium. 4. ET-1 (10(-11) - 10(-7) M) produced concentration-dependent, slowly developing contractions in both detrusor and urethral preparations. Pretreatment with H-7 (3 x 10(-5) M) for 30 min before ET-1 application resulted in a non-parallel shift of the ET-1 concentration-response curve with significant reductions in maximal responses in both tissues. 5. ET-1-induced contractions in urethral preparations were markedly inhibited by Ni2+ (3 x 10(-4) M), whereas the effect of Ni2+ in the detrusor was less pronounced. 6. The results suggest that ET-1 stimulates phosphoinositide hydrolysis in the rabbit detrusor and urethra. Both IPs formation and contractile activation evoked by ET-1 are dependent on extracellular Ca2+. Ca2+-entry pathways seem to be differently activated in the detrusor and urethra, since Ca2+-influx through dihydropyridine-sensitive channels is involved in the ET-1-induced contraction of the detrusor, whereas a Ni2+-sensitive, nifedipine-resistant pathway seems to dominate in the urethra. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 24, no 1, p. 131-138
National Category
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Research subject
Biomedical Sciences, Pharmacology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-1204DOI: 10.1016/0306-3623(93)90023-QOAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-1204DiVA, id: diva2:307994
Available from: 2010-04-01 Created: 2010-04-01 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Persson, Katarina

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