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The Plant Macrofossil Record of Past Lake-Level Changes
University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2025-410X
1997 (English)In: Journal of Paleolimnology, ISSN 0921-2728, E-ISSN 1573-0417, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 15-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Plant-macrofossil analysis is one of the most useful biostratigraphical methods for the reconstruction of former lake-level changes. The distribution of submerged, floating-leaved and emergent lake-shore vegetation is mainly dependant on water depth, but water chemistry and nutrient status must also be taken into account when interpreting water-level changes. Lake-level studies should be based on the investigation of several littoral cores along a transect perpendicular to the lake-shore. Multiple cores are essential for separating genuine lake-level changes from other processes influencing the plant-macrofossil record. Physical analyses of sediment stratigraphy provide important additional information to the plant-fossil record, because natural infilling processes and erosion from the catchment must be distinguished from climatic events causing a change in the water level. Here we review several important concepts, including suitability of lakes for lake-level study, the degree of detail required in the analysis, and macrofossil records of lake-level changes, and illustrate those concepts by examples from southern Sweden and Minnesota. We discuss how to reconcile alternative hypotheses for the stratigraphic changes seen in the macrofossil assemblages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 18, no 1, p. 15-28
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Science, Paleoecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-1374DOI: 10.1023/A:1007958511729ISI: A1997XR78800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-1374DiVA, id: diva2:308245
Available from: 2010-04-06 Created: 2010-04-06 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Gaillard, Marie-Jose

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