lnu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Phospholipase activation and arachidonic acid release in intestinal epithelial cells from patients with Crohn´s disease
Clinical Research Center, Linköping University .
1990 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0036-5521, E-ISSN 1502-7708, Vol. 25, no 11, p. 1151-1160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A method for studying the mobilization of free arachidonic acid (AA) in viable isolated human intestinal epithelial cells has been developed and applied to the study of patients with Crohn's disease. Cells were isolated from morphologically unaffected parts of the distal ileum and incubated with 14C-AA; most of the incorporated 14C-AA was then found in phospholipids (mainly phosphatidylcholine) and in a pool of neutral lipids (mainly triacylglycerols). Cells from patients with Crohn's disease incorporated more 14C-AA into their neutral lipids than did cells from control patients. When the labeled cells were stimulated with phospholipase C from Clos-tridium perfringens or with the calcium ionophore A23187, they released significant amounts of AA, mainly from phosphatidylcholine. There was no difference between cells from Crohn patients and controls in the 14C-AA amounts released, but unstimu-lated and phospholipase C-stimulated cells from prednisolone-treated Crohn patients released less AA than cells from control patients. The A23187-stimuiated AA release was completely inhibited by the phospholipase A2 inhibitor 4-bromophenacyl bromide, whereas the phospholipase C-stimulated release was not. These findings suggest that AA release in human small-intestinal epithelial cells may be caused by calcium-mediated phospholipase A2 activation or by products of microbial phospholipase C activity and that prednisolone reduces the mobilization of free AA in intestinal epithelial cells. They also illustrate the potential use of isolated epithelial cells for revealing mechanisms underlying AA release in the intestinal mucosa in different disease states. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1990. Vol. 25, no 11, p. 1151-1160
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Biomedical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-1725OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-1725DiVA, id: diva2:308773
Available from: 2010-04-06 Created: 2010-04-06 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Gustafson-Svärd, Christina

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Gustafson-Svärd, Christina
In the same journal
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 29 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf