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Red fox and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in humans: Can predators influence public health?
University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
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2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0036-5548, E-ISSN 1651-1980, Vol. 40, no 6-7, p. 527-532Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Analysing datasets from hunting statistics and human cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), we found a positive correlation between the number of human TBE cases and the number of red fox (Vulpes vulpes). Time lags were also present, indicating that high numbers of red fox in 1 y translated into high numbers of human TBE cases the following y. Results for smaller predators were mixed and inconsistent. Hares and grouse showed negative correlations with human TBE cases, suggesting that they might function as dilution hosts. Combining our findings with food web dynamics, we hypothesize a diversity of possible interactions between predators and human disease – some predators suppressing a given disease, others enhancing its spread, and still others having no effect at all. Larger-sized predators that suppress red fox numbers and activity (i.e. wolf, Canis lupus; European lynx, Lynx lynx) were once abundant in our study area but have been reduced or extirpated from most parts of it by humans. We ask what would happen to red foxes and TBE rates in humans if these larger predators were restored to their former abundances.Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00365540701805446

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 40, no 6-7, p. 527-532
National Category
Microbiology
Research subject
Natural Science, Microbiology; Natural Science, Zoonotic Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-1919DOI: 10.1080/00365540701805446OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-1919DiVA, id: diva2:308967
Available from: 2010-04-06 Created: 2010-04-06 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Haemig, PaulWaldenström, JonasOlsen, Björn

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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