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Analysis and classification of the modern methods of ecological normalization of anthropogenic load: Russia vs. the West
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2709-7052
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1903-760X
2011 (English)In: Open Environmental Engineering Journal, ISSN 1874-8295, Vol. 4, p. 181-189Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An overview of the classification of ecological normalization methods is presented to facilitate the evaluationof alternatives. An historical review is given of the development of several ecological normalization methods such as LifeCycle Assessment and the International Organization for Standardization's Eco-Management and Audit Scheme and thelike in the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), in the European mainland and in the United States ofAmerica. Mathematical models together with medical laboratory experiments were generally used in the former USSRto establish pollution permission levels, whereas environmental management tools are more emphasized in the Westernworld as ecological normalization methods for firms. Perspectives on the future development of these methods are given.It is concluded that the application of methods for ecological normalization is one of the most efficient ways of managingenvironmental matters today and this promotes human health protection. It is also concluded that the movement towardsan increasing accord in quality standards among various countries using a complex approach will result in the continuousdevelopment of ecological normalization methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 4, p. 181-189
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-7343DOI: 10.2174/1874829501104010181OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-7343DiVA, id: diva2:343839
Available from: 2010-08-16 Created: 2010-08-16 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Stenis, JanHogland, William

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