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Antisocial personality disorder as a predictor of criminal behaviour in a longitudinal study of a cohort of abusers of several classes of drugs: Relation to type of substance and type of crime
Lunds universitet.
2008 (English)In: Addictive behaviors, Addictive behaviors Elsevier Ltd , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Mixed findings have been made with regard to the long-term predictive validity of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) on criminal behaviour in samples of substance abusers. A longitudinal record-linkage study of a cohort of 1052 drug abusers admitted 1977-1995 was undertaken. Subjects were recruited from a detoxification and short-term rehabilitation unit in Lund, Sweden, and followed through criminal justice registers from their first treatment episode to death or to the year 2004. In a ML multinomial random effects regression, subjects diagnosed with antisocial personality disorders were 2.16 times more likely to be charged with theft only (p<0.001), and 2.44 times more likely to be charged committing multiple types of crime during an observation year (p<0.001). The findings of the current study support the predictive validity of the DSM-III-R diagnosis of ASPD. ASPD should be taken seriously in drug abusers, and be targeted in treatment to prevent crime in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Addictive behaviors Elsevier Ltd , 2008.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-9630DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.01.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-9630DiVA: diva2:374802
Note
0306-4603Available from: 2010-12-06 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2012-01-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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