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Criminal behavior in antisocial substance abusers between five and fifteen years follow-up
Lunds universitet.
2007 (English)In: American Journal on Addictions, American Journal on Addictions Taylor and Francis Ltd , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is one of the most common co-occurring disorders in substance abusers, characterized among other things by a high propensity for criminal actions. A cohort of 125 substance abusers were followed in a longitudinal design. Patients were diagnosed with ASPD at an index treatment episode, interviewed at five-year follow-up, and followed-up through the Swedish criminal justice register by 2005 for the years 1995-2003. ASPD and non-ASPD subjects were compared using Mann Whitney U test for ordinal variables (number of offenses and months in prison) and chi-square tests for categorical variables. A total of 107 were alive by 1995, when the period of observation began. ASPD diagnosed at baseline was related to criminal offenses and incarceration during the follow-up from 5 to 15 years. For most categories, ASPD diagnosis was associated with higher frequency of offense. An ASPD diagnosis based on SCID-H interview made at five-year follow-up was related to the number of offenses but unrelated to incarceration. In a sample of drug abusers, ASPD was associated with high levels of criminal behavior, even years after the diagnosis was given. A diagnosis based on clinical observation during treatment was at least as predictive of criminal behavior as a diagnosis based on a SCID-II interview.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Journal on Addictions Taylor and Francis Ltd , 2007.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-9628DOI: 10.1080/10550490601077734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-9628DiVA: diva2:374806
Note
1521-0391 online 1055-0496 printAvailable from: 2010-12-06 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2011-10-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf