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Spouses' experiences of a cardiac arrest at home:: An interview study
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
Institutionen för hälsa och vårdvetenskap, Sahlgrenska Akademien, Göteborgs universitet.
Medicinska institutionen, avdelningen för molekulär och klinisk medicin/kardiologi, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
Institutionen för hälsa och vårdvetenskap, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
2010 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 161-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the case of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) the influence of a bystander spouse is decisive for the chance of survival.

The aim was to describe spouses' experiences of witnessing their partners' cardiac arrest at home, focusing on the time before the event and when it happened.

Methods: Fifteen spouses were interviewed. The interviews were recorded and verbatim transcribed. Qualitative content analysis was conducted.

Results: In the domain entitled “Time before cardiac arrest”, four themes emerged in the analysis process: “Lack of early warning signs”, “Difficulty interpreting early warning signs”, “Interpreting signs in the light of previous illness” and “Denial of serious illness”. In the domain entitled “The cardiac arrest event”, three themes emerged: “Perceiving the seriousness”, “Being unable to influence” and “Doing what is in one's power”. The emergency call services' (ECS) ability to instruct and help the spouses to do what they can becomes evident in these themes.

Conclusion: Spouses who experienced an out-of-hospital-cardiac arrest demonstrated a lack of confidence in or ability to interpret early warning signs and symptoms. This lack of confidence also extended to the process of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The support from the ECS and CPR training was acknowledged as helpful and important. Further research is required to determine which interventions can improve people's ability to intervene as early as possible.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2010. Vol. 9, no 3, p. 161-167
Keywords [en]
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, Bystander CPR, Spouses, Experience, Qualitative content analysis
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-9807DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2009.12.005PubMedID: 20071240OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-9807DiVA, id: diva2:381354
Available from: 2010-12-27 Created: 2010-12-27 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Thorén, Ann-Britt

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