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Monitoring of a biogas process using electronic gas sensors and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR)
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2000 (English)In: Water Science and Technology, ISSN 0273-1223, E-ISSN 1996-9732, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of electronic gas sensors and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) to monitor the dynamics in a biogas process was evaluated using multivariate data analysis. The digester, a completely stirred 81 tank reactor fed with a mixture of cellulose, albumin and minerals, was exposed to an overload of glucose after which monitoring of electronic gas sensor responses, NIR spectra as well as traditional chemical variables and analysis of microbial community structure were done. The responses from an array of electronic gas sensors consisting of MOS and MOSFET-sensors were correlated against volatile compounds in the headspace using partial least square (PLS) regressions. The root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) was 0.15 g/l for acetate in the range of 0.14-1.72 g/l and the RMSEP for methane was 2.3% in the range of 27-73%. Selected wavelengths from the second derivative of the original NIR spectra (400-2500 nm) resulted in a PLS-model for predicting microbial biomass, measured as total phospholipid fatty acids, with a RMSEP of 9 nmol/ml in the range of 163-293 nmol/ml. The NIR model developed for acetate had a RMSEP of 0.20 g/l within the range of 0.14-1.72 g/l. The results clearly show that both NIR and an array of electronic gas sensors can provide simultaneous non-invasive in situ monitoring of important process variables in anaerobic digesters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 41, no 3, p. 1-8
Keywords [en]
anaerobic digestion, electronic gas sensors, multivariate data analysis, near-infrared spectroscopy, on-line monitoring, organic overload
National Category
Microbiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-11587ISI: 000086885400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-11587DiVA, id: diva2:415328
Conference
International Symposium on Anaerobic Digestion of Solid Waste BARCELONA, SPAIN, JUN 15-18, 1999
Note
wos2000Available from: 2011-05-06 Created: 2011-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Carlsson Juhlin, Helena

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf