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Reidentification of the female sex pheromone of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella: evidence for a four-component pheromone blend
University of Lund.
University of Lund.
KTH, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7158-6393
University of Lund.
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1999 (English)In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, ISSN 0013-8703, E-ISSN 1570-7458, Vol. 92, no 2, 137-146 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pheromone gland extracts from calling female Plodia interpunctella contained at least seven compounds that consistently elicited electroantennographic responses from male antennae upon gas chromatographic analysis. Three of these compounds were found to be the previously identified gland constituents, i.e., (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadienyl acetate (Z9,E12-14:OAc), (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadienal (Z9,E12-14:Ald) and (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadienol (Z9,E12-14:OH). A fourth EAD-active compound was identified as (Z)-9-tetradecenyl acetate (Z9-14:OAc). The homologue (Z)-11-hexadecenyl acetate (Z11-16:OAc) was also identified in the extracts, but showed no EAD activity. The identity of all five compounds was confirmed by comparison of GC retention times and mass spectra with those of synthetic standards. In flight tunnel tests there were no significant differences in response of male P. interpunctella to the bait containing all four EAD-active compounds and the responses to female gland extacts. A behavioural assay of different two-compound blends in the flight tunnel showed that only addition of the corresponding aldehyde to the major pheromone component Z9,E12-14:OAc raised the male response. A subtractive assay, however, revealed that the exclusion of any of the compounds from the complete four-compound blend reduced its activity significantly. We thus conclude that the female-produced sex pheromone of P. interpunctella consists of at least four components, i.e., Z9,E12-14:OAc, Z9,E12-14:Ald, Z9,E12-14:OH and Z9-14:OAc. In a field trapping test performed in a storage facility, the four-component blend attracted significantly more males of P. interpunctella than traps baited with Z9,E12-14:OAc alone. In contrast, the highest number of Ephestia kuehniella males was found in the traps baited with this major component, suggesting that the secondary pheromone components contribute to the species specificity of the blend.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 92, no 2, 137-146 p.
Keyword [en]
lepidoptera, pyralidae, plodia interpunctella, indian meal moth, pheromone components, gc-ead, stored-product pest, behaviour, flight tunnel, trapping, ephestia kuehniella, lepidoptera-phycitidae, cross-attraction, cadra-cautella, almond moth, pyralidae
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Ecological chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-14115ISI: 000082645200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-14115DiVA: diva2:440816
Note

237FR Times Cited:20 Cited References Count:22

Available from: 2011-09-13 Created: 2011-09-13 Last updated: 2017-01-11Bibliographically approved

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