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Supporting the Opposition or the Ruling Party: Stark choices in East Africa
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
2011 (English)In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 18, no 5, 1168-1192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Citizens of the three East African countries Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda differmuch in their expressed support for the political opposition and in their trust inthe ruling political institutions of the president, the electoral commission and theruling party. Citizens in Uganda and Kenya have becomemore sceptical towardstheir ruling institutions, while citizens in Tanzania are still very trusting andexpress much stronger deferential values than is the case in the other two countries, eventhough Tanzanians have experienced less of democratic changes.How can this difference be explained, and to what extent is democracy beinginstitutionalized in the three countries? Using Afrobarometer data it is shownthat democratic constitutional values are an important reason for supportingthe opposition in Kenya, but much less so in Uganda and Tanzania. In Kenya,democratic constitutional values are negatively related to support for theruling institutions, while in Tanzania, the same values strengthen support forthe government. A positive evaluation of democratic procedures andgovernment output explains much of the support for the ruling institutions,while a perceived high level of corruption and a low estimation of delivereddemocratic procedures lend support to the opposition. Kenya appears to havereached a more advanced democratic awareness than the other two countries.While some important democratic institutions have taken root in the threecountries, there is still a long way to go before the region has attained stable democracy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 18, no 5, 1168-1192 p.
Keyword [en]
democracy, institutions, trust, political opposition, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-14406DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2011.603479OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-14406DiVA: diva2:443989
Available from: 2011-09-27 Created: 2011-09-27 Last updated: 2015-05-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf