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Activation of Adenosine A(2A) Receptors Inhibits Neutrophil Transuroepithelial Migration
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
Univ Örebro.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
2011 (English)In: Infection and Immunity, ISSN 0019-9567, E-ISSN 1098-5522, Vol. 79, no 8, 3431-3437 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adenosine has been identified as a significant inhibitor of inflammation by acting on adenosine A(2A) receptors. In this study, we examined the role of adenosine and A(2A) receptors in the transmigration of human neutrophils across an in vitro model of the transitional bladder urothelium. Human uroepithelial cells (UROtsa) were grown on transwell inserts; uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and neutrophils were added to the transwell system; and the number of migrating neutrophils was evaluated. Reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry were used to investigate the expression of adenosine receptors, the epithelial adhesion molecule ICAM-1, and the neutrophil integrin CD11b. Levels of proinflammatory interleukin-8 (IL-8) and phosphorylated I kappa B alpha were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and Luminex assays, respectively. The neutrophils expressed all four adenosine receptor subtypes (A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and A(3) receptors), but A(3) receptors were not expressed by UROtsa cells. UPEC stimulated neutrophil transuroepithelial migration, which was significantly decreased in response to the specific A(2A) receptor agonist CGS 21680. The inhibitory effect of CGS 21680 on neutrophil migration was reversed by the A(2A) receptor antagonist SCH 58261. The production of chemotactic IL-8 and the expression of the adhesion molecule ICAM-1 or CD11b were not significantly affected by CGS 21680. However, a significant decrease in the level of phosporylated I kappa B alpha was revealed in response to CGS 21680. In conclusion, UPEC infection in vitro evoked neutrophil migration through a multilayered human uroepithelium. The UPEC-evoked neutrophil transmigration decreased in response to A(2A) receptor activation, possibly through inhibition of NF-kappa B signaling pathways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 79, no 8, 3431-3437 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Biomedical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-16180DOI: 10.1128/IAI.05005-11ISI: 000292770300047OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-16180DiVA: diva2:466489
Available from: 2011-12-16 Created: 2011-12-16 Last updated: 2016-05-03Bibliographically approved

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