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Problems of AMS dating the Swedish varved clays of the last glacial-interglacial transition and the potential and difficulties of calibrating Late Weichselian "absolute" chronologies.
Department of Quaternary Geology, Lund University, Tornav, 13, S-223 63 Lund. (Palaeoecology)
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1993 (English)In: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 22, no 2, 113-128 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The increasing focus on the chronology of environmental and climatic changes of the last glacial-interglacial transition has led to several independent attempts to try to calibrate the 14C time-scale beyond the Holocene. The Late Weichselian Gotiglacial varved clays of the Swedish Time Scale could potentially be used for this purpose. The reliability of the Swedish Time Scale is discussed as well as different ways of using the Swedish varved clays for calibrating the 14C chronology. The strategy and initial results from an ongoing calibration project are presented. They show clearly that, if the right strategy is adopted, varved clay may be dated by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C measurement of terrestrial macrofossils. A Late Weichselian 'event stratigraphy', including the Vedde Ash fall-out, is established for south Scandinavia using three dating categories: clay varve measurements, terrestrial macrofossil measurement, and lake sediment (including aquatic mosses) measurements. It suggests that a 14C chronology based on terrestrial organic remains is not consistent with the traditional Late Weichselian chronostratigraphy based on lake-sediment samples, and that 'clay varve years' exceed 'terrestrial 14C years' by c. 900 years at the end of, and by 1100–1200 years at the beginning of the Younger Dryas Chronozone. Further back in time, the time-scales appear to converge. These results are compared with other recently published calibration studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 22, no 2, 113-128 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Science, Paleoecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-16942DOI: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.1993.tb00171.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-16942DiVA: diva2:481169
Available from: 2012-01-20 Created: 2012-01-20 Last updated: 2012-05-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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