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Swedish biomass strategies to reduce CO2 emission and oil use in an EU context
Mittuniversitetet.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering. (SBER)
2012 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 43, no 1, 448-468 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Swedish energy strategies for transportation, space heating and pulp industries were evaluated with a focus on bioenergy use. The aims were to 1) study trade-offs between reductions in CO2 emission and oil use and between Swedish reductions and EU reductions, 2) compare the potential contributions of individual reduction measures, 3) quantify the total CO2 emission and oil use reduction potentials. Swedish energy efficiency measures reduced EU CO2 emission by 45-59 Mt CO2/a, at current biomass use and constant oil use. Doubling Swedish bioenergy use yielded an additional 40 Mt CO2/a reduction. Oil use could be reduced, but 36-81 kt of reductions in CO2 emission would be lost per Pi of oil use reduction. Swedish fossil fuel use within the studied sectors could be nearly eliminated. The expansion of district heating and cogeneration of heat with a high electricity yield were important measures. Plug-in hybrid electric cars reduced CO2 emission compared with conventional cars, and the difference was larger with increasing oil scarcity. The introduction of black liquor gasification in pulp mills also gave large CO2 emission reduction. Motor fuel from biomass was found to be a feasible option when coal is the marginal fuel for fossil motor fuel production. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 43, no 1, 448-468 p.
Keyword [en]
CO2 emission reduction; Oil use reduction; Bioenergy strategy; Sweden; EU
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-18942DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2012.03.050OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-18942DiVA: diva2:528756
Available from: 2012-05-28 Created: 2012-05-28 Last updated: 2014-12-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf