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Valorisation of marine Pelvetia canaliculata Ochrophyta for separation and recovery of nickel from water: equilibrium and kinetics modeling on Na-loaded algae
Univ Porto, LSRE, Associate Lab LSRE LCM, Fac Engn, P-4200465 Oporto, Portugal.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3565-9943
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2012 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, E-ISSN 1873-3212, Vol. 200, 365-372 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study, biosorption of Ni2+ by Na-loaded (raw algae treated with NaCl), algae Pelvetia canaliculata Ochrophyta, was studied in a batch system. Kinetics and equilibrium experiments were conducted at different pH values (2.0, 3.0 and 4.0). The metal uptake capacity decreased by decreasing the solution pH, suggesting that competition exists between hydrogen ions, present in high concentrations at low pH values, and metal ions. An ion-exchange model, considering two different binding sites, sulfonic and carboxylic groups, was developed to describe equilibrium data. A mass transfer model, considering intraparticle resistance was also developed to describe kinetics in a batch system. The release of sodium ions during the uptake of nickel ions revealed that the biosorption mechanism involved ion-exchange between sodium and nickel ions with a stoichiometrical ratio of 2:1. Nickel showed higher affinity to the sulfonic groups than for carboxylic ones of algae biomass. Kinetic results show that hydrogen ions diffuse faster as compared to nickel and sodium ions. The maximum uptake capacity of Na-loaded algae, P. canaliculata, for Ni2+ was found to be ca. 100 mg/g at pH 4.0.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 200, 365-372 p.
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-20979DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2012.06.071OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-20979DiVA: diva2:542995
Available from: 2012-08-06 Created: 2012-08-06 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Bhatnagar, Amit

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CiteExportLink to record
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