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Immigrant women’s experiences and views onprevention of cervical cancer: a qualitative study
Institutionen för folkhälsa och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala Universitet.
Institutionen för folkhälsa och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
Institutionen för folkhälsa och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
Institutionen för folkhälsa och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala .
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2012 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

BackgroundSweden is a multicultural country, nearly 20% of the population has an immigrant background. Certain ethnic groups have lower attendance rates in cervical cancer prevention programs.Recently a school-based HPV vaccination program free of charge was introduced for girls age 11-12.  The HPV vaccination raises questions and concerns about whether it will be accepted among all ethnic groups

Aim.To explore immigrant women’s experiences and views on the prevention of cervical cancer.

Methods. An exploratory qualitative study. Eight focus group interviews were conducted with 50 women aged 18-54, who studied Swedish for immigrants. Years in Sweden; 0-2 years N=17, 3-5  years N=30, > 6 years N=3. The women represented many countries from different geographic areas; Middle east N=24,  Africa N=16, Asia N=6 and East Europe N=4. Data were analysed by latent content analysis. The Health Belief Model (HBM) was used as a theoretical model; the results are discussed according to HBM.

Results The women were positive to the prevention of cervical cancer. However, several barriers were identified: difficulties in contacting healthcare, limited knowledge of the relation between sexually transmitted infections (STI) and human papillomavirus virus (HPV), cultural aspects and not being used to regular health check-ups in home countries.

’When I came to Sweden I received a paper and I didn’t understand anything, after 4 month, I read it, and I understood that it was a cancer test, but I can’t call and make an appointment’  

The women would accept HPV vaccine for their daughters but wanted adequate information before consent. The women spoke openly about sexual transmitted infections and emphasized both genders responsibility for prevention.

‘It [the vaccine] is really good, it is good for the future health.’

‘Yes, value not so good but the man is always first, second is woman. And think like this that diseases are not so important.’

‘Why must woman do everything? Doesn’t a man also infect?’

Conclusion.The women wanted to participate in cervical cancer prevention programs and would accept HPV vaccination for their daughters, but expressed difficulties in understanding information from healthcare.Information about preventive programs needs to be in different languages and provided through different sources. Healthcare professionals should consider immigrant women’s difficulties concerning cultural norms and pay attention to their experiences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
Keyword [en]
immigrant women, cervical cancer prevention
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-22781OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-22781DiVA: diva2:576005
Conference
28th International Papillomavirus Conference& Clinical and Public Health Workshops in San Juan, Puerto Rico
Available from: 2012-12-11 Created: 2012-12-11 Last updated: 2016-01-20Bibliographically approved

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Oscarsson, Marie

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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