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Frigörelse eller sammanbrott: Stephen Dedalus, Martin Birck och psykologin
(Forum för intermediala studier)
1981 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this book is to confront two novels about young would-be authors with a representative selection of psychological theories about the author. In the process I show that 20th-century idealist psychology, like the Bildungsroman, has its roots in pre-Romanticism and Romanticism, and that determinist psychology, like the Entwicklungsroman, has its roots in positivism. In the first chapter a distinction is made between Bildungsroman, Anti-Bildungsroman, and Entwicklungsroman. A characteristic feature of the first two types is an idealistic portrayal of the characters which empasizes the freedom of the will and the possibility of personal self-enoblement. The Entwicklungsroman, on the other hand, is a fitting term for such novels as describe man as a product of heritage and environment. In chapters two and three I discuss James Joyce’s A Portarit of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) and Hjalmar Söderberg’s Martin Birck’s Youth (1901) respectively. Joyce’s book is a romantically coloured Anti-Bildungsroman while Söderberg’s is a naturalistic Entwicklungsroman. The fourth chapter contains a survey of modern psychological theories about the author. The theoreticians presented are Lombroso, Dilthey, Freud, Stekel, Rank and Jung. There is a conflict which is common to the two main lines of thought within psychology, on the one hand, and the Bildungsroman and Entwicklungsroman, on the other. This fundamental conflict is a product of the conflict between romanticism and positivism, or, to be more exact, between idealism and determinism. A determinist psychology of the kind elaborated by Freud is compatible with a naturalistic Entwicklungsroman such as Martin Birck’s Youth but incompatible with a romantic Anti-Bildungsroman such as A Portrait. On the other hand, an idealistic psychology of the kind elaborated by Jung is compatible with a novel such as A Portrait but incompatible with a naturalistic Entwicklungsroman. Starting from these theses, I attempt to analyze Joyce’s and Söderberg’s novels according to both Freudian and Jungian psychology in the fifth and last chapter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand , 1981. , 310 p.
Keyword [en]
Close reading, genre, psychological method, psychology of the artist, Romanticism, Positivism, Naturalism, Bildung, Entwicklung, idealism, determinism, Bildungsroman, Anti-Bildungsroman, Entwicklungsroman.
National Category
General Literature Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Comparative literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-23131ISBN: 91-46-13950-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-23131DiVA: diva2:580151
Available from: 2012-12-21 Created: 2012-12-21 Last updated: 2012-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf