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The impact of comprehensibility and sense of coherence in the recovery of patients with myocardial infarction: a long-term follow-up study
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0961-5250
Jönköping University.
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2012 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 276-283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: After being through a myocardial infarction (MI), a severe recovery period ensues for the patient. Longterm follow-ups are helpful, but what this should include differs between patients. Today there is no established approach to identify needs for support after an MI. Aim: The aim was to describe sense of coherence (SOC) over time in relation to sex, as well as further SOC in relation to quality of life (QoL) and treatment satisfaction in patients with an MI. Methods. This study had an observational and longitudinal design and followed 18 women and 60 men with an acute MI for 49-67 months after the onset of MI. Instruments used were the SOC-13 and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire. Results: Women scored lower SOC than men. A main effect of time was shown for comprehensibility which increased significantly from baseline to the long-term follow-up. Women increased from a lower level to an equal level as men at the long-term follow-up. The total SOC was significantly associated with QoL and treatment satisfaction. Conclusion: High comprehensibility and high SOC give the patient a better basis to handle life after MI. Thus, healthcare professionals should keep in mind that SOC and especially comprehensibility have meaning for the patient's ability to handle her or his recovery. Healthcare professionals need to together with the patient identify and work with lifestyle factors that contribute to increased comprehensibility about the disease, which gives the patient the foundation to preserve and promote her or his health both in the short and long term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 11, no 3, p. 276-283
Keywords [en]
Comprehensibility, long-term follow-up, myocardial infarction, quality of life, recovery, sense of coherence
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-23360DOI: 10.1177/1474515111435607ISI: 000311802200004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84871031073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-23360DiVA, id: diva2:584639
Available from: 2013-01-09 Created: 2013-01-09 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Årestedt, KristoferFridlund, Bengt

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