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Optical properties of deep ice at the South Pole: Absorption
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1997 (English)In: Applied Optics, ISSN 0003-6935, E-ISSN 1539-4522, Vol. 36, no 18, 4168-4180 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We discuss recent measurements of the wavelength-dependent absorption coefficients in deep South Pole ice. The method uses transit-time distributions of pulses from a variable-frequency laser sent between emitters and receivers embedded in the ice. At depths of 800-1000 m scattering is dominated by residual air bubbles, whereas absorption occurs both in ice itself and in insoluble impurities. The absorption coefficient increases approximately exponentially with wavelength in the measured interval 410-610 nm. At the shortest wavelength our value is approximately a factor 20 below previous values obtained for laboratory ice and lake ice; with increasing wavelength the discrepancy with previous measurements decreases. At ∼415 to ∼500 nm the experimental uncertainties are small enough for us to resolve an extrinsic contribution to absorption in ice: submicrometer dust particles contribute by an amount that increases with depth and corresponds well with the expected increase seen near the Last Glacial Maximum in Vostok and Dome C ice cores. The laser pulse method allows remote mapping of gross structure in dust concentration as a function of depth in glacial ice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Optical Society of America, 1997. Vol. 36, no 18, 4168-4180 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-28470DiVA: diva2:643945
Note

Source: Scopus

Available from: 2013-08-29 Created: 2013-08-26 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Carius, Staffan

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