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Ethnic segregation, tipping behaviour, and native residential mobility
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies)
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies)
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4068-2985
2015 (English)In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 49, no 1, 36-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study tipping behaviour in residential mobility of the native population in Sweden between 1990 and 2007. Using regression discontinuity methods, we find that the native population growth in a neighbourhood discontinuously drops once the share of non-European immigrants exceeds the identified tipping point. Native tipping behaviour can be ascribed to both native flight and native avoidance. Natives with a high level of educational attainment and the highest labour earnings are more likely to move from neighbourhoods that have tipped. We conclude that tipping behaviour is likely to be associated with ethnic as well as to socio-economic segregation in Sweden.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 49, no 1, 36-69 p.
Keyword [en]
Ethnic segregation, tipping behaviour, native flight, native avoidance
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28636DOI: 10.1111/imre.12066ISI: 000351774400002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84925804164OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-28636DiVA: diva2:645217
Available from: 2013-09-03 Created: 2013-09-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Essays on Ethnic Segregation and Economic Outcomes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on Ethnic Segregation and Economic Outcomes
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Essay 1: This paper studies tipping behaviour in the residential mobility of the native population inSweden between 1990 and 2007. Using regression discontinuity methods, we find that thegrowth in native population in a neighbourhood discontinuously drops once aneighbourhood’s immigrant share exceeds the identified tipping point. In the 1990s the dropcan be attributed both to increased out-migration of natives (native flight) and to thedecreased in-migration of natives (native avoidance) while native flight appears to be drivingthe segregation pattern between the years 2000 and 2007. Further, we find native migrationfrom neighbourhoods that have tipped is selective, in the sense that natives with a high levelof educational attainment are the most likely to move from such neighbourhood. We concludethat the native residential mobility has contributed to increased ethnic segregation but it alsoappears to have increased socio-economic segregation in Sweden between 1990 and 2007.

Essay 2: This paper focuses on second-generation immigrants and analyses the short- and long-termeffects of immigrant and ethnic group concentration in childhood neighbourhood on earnings,unemployment, reliance on income support and educational attainment. The results show thata high immigrant concentration in a childhood neighbourhood is negatively associated witheconomic outcomes of both second-generation immigrants and natives. Ethnic groupconcentration seems to work in the opposite direction, improving economic outcomes forsecond-generation immigrants. Furthermore, the results highlight the importance of includingtime dynamics in any analysis of the effect of childhood neighbourhood ethnic compositionon economic outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Department of Economics and Statistics, Linnaeus University, 2013. 87 p.
Keyword
Ethnic segregation, tipping behaviour, neighbourhood effect, labour market outcomes
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-30202 (URN)978-91-87427-03-9 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-03-01, K1040, Växjö, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-12-05 Created: 2013-11-08 Last updated: 2017-09-01Bibliographically approved

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Aldén, LinaHammarstedt, MatsNeuman, Emma

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