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Why Aren't Advanced High–Strength Steels More Widely Used?: Stakeholder Preferences and Perceived Barriers to New Materials
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (Miljökemi och miljöriskanalys)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 19, no 4, 645-655 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Advanced high-strength steels may reduce the use of nonrenewable resources and energy given that the amount of material needed is smaller, compared to traditional steel grades. Still, advanced steel grades are not utilized to the extent that could be expected. This study examines stakeholders’ preferences of steel characteristics and perceived barriers to the introduction of new materials. Focus group interviews were used to identify steel characteristics and perceived barriers. Stakeholder preferences of steel characteristics were evaluated through a conjoint analysis; the results showed that low weight was given the highest priority, followed by high impact strength and low price. Low chromium content was the steel characteristic of least interest. Perceived barriers to the introduction of high-strength steel were categorized as technical barriers, knowledge barriers, scrap management barriers, suitability barriers, and cost barriers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 19, no 4, 645-655 p.
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28722DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12212ISI: 000362594200011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84942253678OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-28722DiVA: diva2:645815
Projects
Stålkretsloppet
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2013-09-05 Created: 2013-09-05 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Environmental preferences among steel stakeholders
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental preferences among steel stakeholders
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Emissions of carbon dioxide, dioxins, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter as well as use of non-renewable resources and energy are some important sustainability challenges for the Swedish steel industry. Much effort has been made, mainly by technical solutions, which to a high degree have decreased the emissions during the last 30 years.

Technical solutions however will not be sufficient to reach sustainable development, stakeholder involvement is also necessary. Stakeholder theory states that stake­holder involvement must include a dialog between the stakeholders involved and the operation. The first step in this process is to identify which key issues the stakeholders find most important and then the organisation needs to start interact with its stakeholders. This thesis deals with such issues.

Stakeholder preferences for environmental issues were assessed with conjoint analysis, Q-methodology and focus group discussions. The theory of planned behaviour was used to assess how attitudes were connected to background factors and a potential pro-environmental behaviour.

Five studies have been carried out in the framework of this thesis. The studies include: a literature review, method evaluation, evaluation of environ­mental objectives in stakeholder groups, screening of relevant factors, evaluation of steel environmental characteristics, identification of barriers to the introduction of new materials and the im­pact of worry and risk perception on strategic environmental decisions.

It can be concluded that the methods applied in the studies work well in eliciting preferences. It has been possible to show how different stakeholder groups as well as individuals prioritise environmental objectives and sustaina­bility issues. Since individuals within a stakeholder group vary considerably in preferences, the results from this thesis show the importance of illustrating results on an individual level instead of the traditional group level. Also, a method has been tested where the results were brought back to the respondents in order to stimulate discussions between different stakeholder groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Linnaeus University Press, 2013. 148 p.
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 145
Keyword
conjoint analysis, environmental communication, focus group, light weighting, PLS, preferences, Q-methodology, risk perception, steel, stakeholders
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28310 (URN)978-91-87427-46-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-20, Fullriggaren, Barlastgatan 11, Kalmar, 09:30 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2013-09-09 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2013-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Alriksson, StinaHenningsson, Marianne

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