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Geochemistry of soils derived from black shales in the Ganziping mine area, western Hunan, China
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. Hunan Normal Univ, Fac Resource & Environm Sci, Changsha 410081, Hunan, Peoples R China.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0635-3718
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2013 (English)In: Environmental Earth Sciences, ISSN 1866-6280, Vol. 70, no 1, 175-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The geochemistry of major and trace elements (including heavy metals and rare earth elements) of the fresh and weathered black shales, and the soils derived from black shales in the Ganziping mine area in western Hunan province (China) were studied using the following techniques: X-ray fluorescence (XRF), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results show that the black-shale soils are significantly enriched with Al2O3 and Fe2O3, and depleted of mobile elements CaO, Na2O and K2O. The soils are also highly enriched with heavy metals U, V, Ni, Ba, Cu, Zn and Pb, that may cause potential heavy-metal contamination of the soils. Composition of the soils is homogeneous compared to the weathered black shales, for which the concentrations of major elements except CaO and Na2O, and trace elements except heavy metals (U, V, Ni, Ba, Cu, Zn and Pb) as well as the mobile Sr, show lower variations than in the weathered black shales. Ratios of Zr/Hf, Ta/Nb, Y/Ho, Nd/Sm, and Ti/(Ti + Zr), of the soils are also less variable, with values constantly similar to that of the fresh and weathered black shales correspondingly. Thus, components of the soils are believed to be contributed from the parent black shales through weathering and pedogenesis. It is concluded that the soils were formed by at least two stages of geochemical processes: the early stage of chemical differentiation and the later stage of chemical homogenization. The chemical differentiation that was taken during black-shale weathering might have caused the depletion of CaO and Na2O, and the enrichment of Al2O3 and Fe2O3; while the chemical homogenization that was taken during pedogenesis led to the depletion of SiO2 and K2O, and to the further enrichment of Al2O3 and Fe2O3. The heavy-metal enrichment (contamination) of the soils was then genetically related to the enrichment of Al2O3 and Fe2O3 in the soils.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 70, no 1, 175-190 p.
Keyword [en]
The black-shale soils, Black-shale weathering, Pedogenesis, Chemical differentiation, Chemical homogenization, Western Hunan province
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-29201DOI: 10.1007/s12665-012-2114-0ISI: 000323352600016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881662462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-29201DiVA: diva2:653666
Available from: 2013-10-04 Created: 2013-10-03 Last updated: 2016-11-18Bibliographically approved

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Yu, Changxun

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