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On the central mechanism underlying ghrelin's chronic pro-obesity effects in rats: new insights from studies exploiting a potent ghrelin receptor antagonist.
Göteborgs universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0518-6196
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2009 (English)In: Journal of neuroendocrinology (Print), ISSN 0953-8194, E-ISSN 1365-2826, Vol. 21, no 9, 777-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study, we explore the central nervous system mechanism underlying the chronic central effects of ghrelin with respect to increasing body weight and body fat. Specifically, using a recently developed ghrelin receptor antagonist, GHS-R1A (JMV2959), we investigate the role of GHS-R1A in mediating the effects of ghrelin on energy balance and on hypothalamic gene expression. As expected, in adult male rats, chronic central treatment with ghrelin for 14 days, when compared to vehicle-treated control rats, resulted in an increased body weight, lean mass and fat mass (assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry), dissected white fat pad weight, cumulative food intake, food efficiency, respiratory exchange ratio and a decrease of energy expenditure. Co-administration of the ghrelin receptor antagonist JMV2959 suppressed/blocked the majority of these effects, with the notable exception of ghrelin-induced food intake and food efficiency. The hypothesis emerging from these data, namely that GHS-R1A mediates the chronic effects of ghrelin on fat accumulation, at least partly independent of food intake, is discussed in light of the accompanying data regarding the hypothalamic genes coding for peptides and receptors involved in energy balance regulation, which were found to have altered expression in these studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 21, no 9, 777-85 p.
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-29979DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2826.2009.01895.xPubMedID: 19703102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-29979DiVA: diva2:659457
Available from: 2013-10-25 Created: 2013-10-25 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson-Ericson, Lisa

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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