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Decreased cognitive functions at the age of 66, as measured by the MMSE, associated with having left working life before the age of 60: results from the SNAC study
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Blekinge Tekniska Högskola. (Swedish National study on Aging and Care (SNAC))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6532-3877
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola. (Swedish National study on Aging and Care (SNAC))
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 304-309Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The age of retirement has financial implications as we tend to live longer, with the result that an increasing number of older inhabitants have to share limited financial resources. However, this is not only a financial issue. It is also of interest to investigate factors related to health and quality of life associated with the age of retirement. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in mood, activity level, and cognition at the age of 66 associated with leaving working life before 60. Methods: Baseline and follow-up data on 840 participants of the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care – Blekinge was used. Mood was measured by the Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Scale and activity level by 27 survey items. Cognition was measured by the Mini Mental State Examination. Results: Retirement before 60 years of age was not associated with lower cognitive functions and a higher score on depression at baseline, but retirees were less active. Six years later, at the age of 66, a decline in their cognition was found. Retirees were still not more depressed but less active. In a logistic regression analysis, being retired increased the odds ratio for cognitive decline by 1.36-times (OR 2.36) when gender, activity level, education level, and depression were adjusted for. Conclusions: Participants who retired before the age of 60 declined in cognitive ability over the 6-year study period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 42, no 3, p. 304-309
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-32530DOI: 10.1177/1403494813520357ISI: 000336795100012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84899457232OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-32530DiVA, id: diva2:699435
Available from: 2014-02-27 Created: 2014-02-27 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Rennemark, Mikael

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