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Population dynamics of the barnacle goose Branta leucopsis in the Baltic area: density-dependent effects on reproduction
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
1994 (English)In: Journal of Animal Ecology, ISSN 0021-8790, E-ISSN 1365-2656, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 954-962Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

1. The three largest breeding colonies of barnacle geese Branta leucopsis in the Baltic area were studied from their natural establishments in 1971, 1982 and 1987, respectively, to 1993. The number of breeding pairs increased from one pair in 1971 to 1550, 225 and 150 pairs in the largest, second largest, and third largest colonies, respectively, in 1993. 2. Data on clutch size and number of hatched and fledged young were collected from the beginning or the middle of the 1980s. In the largest colony most data on reproductive success were obtained from observations of individually marked geese. 3. Mean clutch size differed among years and colonies. However, there was no trend for decreasing mean clutch size with increasing density in any of the colonies. Hatching success did not decrease with increasing density in the largest colony. 4. The production of fledged young per breeding pair declined drastically in the largest colony as numbers of breeding pairs rose. This decline was mainly caused by an increasing proportion of the breeding pairs failing to produce any fledged young at all. 5. The relative contribution of the smaller colonies to the total production of fledged young in the Baltic area increased considerably over the study years. In 1993, colony 2 hosted only about 13% of the number of breeding pairs in colonies 1 and 2 combined, but it produced about 38% of the fledged young. 6. Our results point out the need to study populations of colonially nesting geese on a colony by colony basis in order to detect density-dependent effects on reproduction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
British Ecological Society, 1994. Vol. 63, no 4, p. 954-962
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Natural Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-33028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-33028DiVA, id: diva2:706087
Available from: 2014-03-18 Created: 2014-03-18 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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http://www.jstor.org/stable/5272

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Larsson, Kjell

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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