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Regional climate model simulations for Europe at 6 and 0.2 k BP: sensitivity to changes in anthropogenic deforestation
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute ; Stockholm University.
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute ; Stockholm University.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. Lund University.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
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2014 (English)In: Climate of the Past, ISSN 1814-9324, E-ISSN 1814-9332, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 661-680Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to evaluate the direct effects of anthropogenic deforestation on simulated climate at two contrasting periods in the Holocene, similar to 6 and similar to 0.2 k BP in Europe. We apply We apply the Rossby Centre regional climate model RCA3, a regional climate model with 50 km spatial resolution, for both time periods, considering three alternative descriptions of the past vegetation: (i) potential natural vegetation (V) simulated by the dynamic vegetation model LPJ-GUESS, (ii) potential vegetation with anthropogenic land use (deforestation) from the HYDE3.1 (History Database of the Global Environment) scenario (V + H3.1), and (iii) potential vegetation with anthropogenic land use from the KK10 scenario (V + KK10). The climate model results show that the simulated effects of deforestation depend on both local/regional climate and vegetation characteristics. At similar to 6 k BP the extent of simulated deforestation in Europe is generally small, but there are areas where deforestation is large enough to produce significant differences in summer temperatures of 0.5-1 degrees C. At similar to 0.2 k BP, extensive deforestation, particularly according to the KK10 model, leads to significant temperature differences in large parts of Europe in both winter and summer. In winter, deforestation leads to lower temperatures because of the differences in albedo between forested and unforested areas, particularly in the snow-covered regions. In summer, deforestation leads to higher temperatures in central and eastern Europe because evapotranspiration from unforested areas is lower than from forests. Summer evaporation is already limited in the southernmost parts of Europe under potential vegetation conditions and, therefore, cannot become much lower. Accordingly, the albedo effect dominates in southern Europe also in summer, which implies that deforestation causes a decrease in temperatures. Differences in summer temperature due to deforestation range from -1 degrees C in south-western Europe to +1 degrees C in eastern Europe. The choice of anthropogenic land-cover scenario has a significant influence on the simulated climate, but uncertainties in palaeoclimate proxy data for the two time periods do not allow for a definitive discrimination among climate model results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 10, no 2, p. 661-680
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Science, Paleoecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-33547DOI: 10.5194/cp-10-661-2014ISI: 000335374600016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897427235OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-33547DiVA, id: diva2:709651
Available from: 2014-04-02 Created: 2014-04-02 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved

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Gaillard, Marie-JoséTrondman, Anna-KariMarquer, Laurent

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