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An Application of the Theory of Open Quantum Systems to Model the Dynamics of Party Governance in the US Political System
Univ Leicester, England.
Univ Leicester, England.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9857-0938
2014 (English)In: International journal of theoretical physics, ISSN 0020-7748, E-ISSN 1572-9575, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 1346-1360Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Gorini-Kossakowski-Sudarshan-Lindblad equation allows us to model the process of decision making in US elections. The crucial point we attempt to make is that the voter's mental state can be represented as a superposition of two possible choices for either republicans or democrats. However, reality dictates a more complicated situation: typically a voter participates in two elections, i.e. the congress and the presidential elections. In both elections the voter has to decide between two choices. This very feature of the US election system requires that the mental state is represented by a 2-qubit state corresponding to the superposition of 4 different choices. The main issue is to describe the dynamics of the voters' mental states taking into account the mental and political environment. What is novel in this paper is that we apply the theory of open quantum systems to social science. The quantum master equation describes the resolution of uncertainty (represented in the form of superposition) to a definite choice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 53, no 4, p. 1346-1360
Keywords [en]
Quantum master equation, Decoherence, Superposition, Voter's state, US election system
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-33662DOI: 10.1007/s10773-013-1931-6ISI: 000332609200028Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897632180OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-33662DiVA, id: diva2:710716
Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Khrennikov, Andrei

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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