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Importance of climatic and environmental cost on suitability of polymeric materials in solar therma collectors
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences. (Miljövetenskap och Miljöteknik)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
Aventa AS, Norway.
Olso University, Norway.
2012 (English)In: Proceedings: Linnaeus ECO-TECH 2012, international conference on natural sciences and environmental technologies for waste and wastewater treatment, remediation, emissions related to climate, environmental and economic effects ; the eighth International Conference on the Establishment of Cooperation between Companies and Institutions in the Nordic Countries, the Baltic Sea Region, and the World, November 26-28, 2012, Kalmar, Sweden / [ed] Eva Kumar, Joacim Rosenlund, Fabio Kaczala, William Hogland, 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

To assess suitability ofsolar collector systems with polymeric materials versus those with moretraditional materials such as metals a case study was undertaken within theframework of Task 39 of the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme. In thisstudy one solar heating system with polymeric solar collectors were comparedwith two equivalent but more traditional solar heating systems, one with flatplate collectors and one with evacuated tube solar collectors. Life Cycle Assessment(LCA) results obtained clearly indicated that the polymeric solar collectorsystem is the most favourable as regards climatic and environmentalperformance. In terms of climatic and environmental costs per solar heat collected,the differences between the three kinds of collector systems, however, aresmall when compared with existing energy prices. In the choice between arenewable heat source and a heat source based on the use of a fossil fuel,which was also analysed in the present study, the conclusion was that forclimatic performance to be an important economic factor, the rate of carbondioxide emission must be considerably increased above the level given by thepresent EU carbon dioxide emission trade rate. The rate would be at least ofthe same order of magnitude as the general carbon dioxide emission tax rateemployed in

Sweden.An alternative to an increase in the EU carbon dioxide emission trade ratewould be to introduce a tax system based on environmental cost, making use ofe.g. Ecoindicator99, to include also other impacts on the environment not justthe greenhouse effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Science, Environmental technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-34086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-34086DiVA: diva2:715625
Conference
Linnaeus ECO-TECH 2012, November 26-28, 2012, Kalmar
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-05-05 Last updated: 2015-05-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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