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Earwitnesses: the type of voice lineup affects the proportion of correct identifications and the realism in confidence judgments
Lund Univ.
Univ Gothenburg.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Speech Language and The Law, ISSN 1748-8885, E-ISSN 1748-8893, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 139-155Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

According to Tulving and Thomson (1973), similarity in encoding and recall contexts will facilitate recall. We investigated if similarity between the original voice event and the voice lineup helps people to identify the target from a voice lineup and helps improve the realism in participants' confidence judgments of the identification reports. Participants (n = 199) tried to identify a voice heard in a dialogue context that simulated two males, 22 and 27 years old, planning a burglary. In the Text-lineup condition six male speakers read a text from a book and in the Dialogue-lineup condition the same speakers had a dialogue with another male speaker. Each recording lasted approximately 30 seconds. The Text-lineup condition showed better identification accuracy, lower overconfidence and better calibration compared with the Dialogue-lineup condition. These results deviate from Tulving and Thomson's encoding specificity principle in memory psychology, maybe because text reading provides more useful voice features compared to dialogues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 1, p. 139-155
Keywords [en]
VOICE LINEUP, IDENTIFICATIONS, ENCODING SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE, MEMORY, CONFIDENCE, REALISM IN CONFIDENCE
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Swedish
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-36843DOI: 10.1558/ijsll.v21i1.139ISI: 000338781900006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84903382809OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-36843DiVA, id: diva2:745271
Available from: 2014-09-10 Created: 2014-09-10 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Zetterholm, Elisabeth

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf