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Job search methods and wages: are natives and immigrants different?
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5620-4745
Uppsala universitet.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In many European labour markets, workers born outside Europe are less successful than natives. A potential explanation for these differences is ethnic differences in job search behaviour and access to high-quality informal networks, but a lack of appropriate data makes it difficult to investigate the importance of this explanation. In this study, we use data from a survey conducted in the Swedish labour market to analyze if there are ethnic differences in the choice of search intensity/methods and in the search method that resulted in a job (the successful search method). Moreover, we investigate if the wage and other characteristics of the new job differ depending on the successful search method. Our data includes detailed information about the workers’ job search and the characteristics of the new job. We find that immigrants use all search methods more intensely than natives, but that they in particular rely more on informal search methods. Moreover, we find that, for immigrants, the successful search method is more likely to be informal search through relatives and friends. However, we also find that jobs found through this search channel are associated with lower wages. One interpretation of these results is that that immigrants perceive their chance of finding a job as so low that they are willing to accept low-paying jobs obtained through their family and friends.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Job search methods, Wage differentials, Immigrants, Labour market
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-37230DiVA: diva2:749455
Conference
26th European Association of Labour Economists (EALE) Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 18-20, 2014
Available from: 2014-09-24 Created: 2014-09-24 Last updated: 2015-01-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf