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Work characteristics and sickness absence in burnout and nonburnout groups: a study of Swedish health care workers
Karolinska Institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3790-1393
Utrecht University.
Karolinska Institutet.
Karolinska Institutet.
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2008 (English)In: International Journal of Stress Management, ISSN 1072-5245, E-ISSN 1573-3424, Vol. 15, no 2, 153-172 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to search for constellations of work characteristics that discriminate people who experience burnout from those who do not, and also from those who score high in exhaustion but not in disengagement, and vice versa. The study is based on data from 3,719 employees in a County Council in Sweden. Discriminant analysis revealed that four burnout categories (nonburnout, disengaged, exhausted, and burnout) related in different ways to self-reported work characteristics. The proportions of respondents with overtime, sickness absence, and sickness presence were higher in the burnout and the exhausted groups compared with the nonburnout group. The most common professions in the burnout group were, unexpectedly, dental nurses, secretaries, and service staff. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 15, no 2, 153-172 p.
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37697DOI: 10.1037/1072-5245.15.2.153OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-37697DiVA: diva2:756111
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Stress and burnout in healthcare workers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress and burnout in healthcare workers
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Work-related stress (of which burnout might be an example) is one of the most common work-related health problems. Currently, psychiatric illness (particularly depression, anxiety disorders, and stress related conditions) is the most common cause for long-term sick-leave in Sweden for women, and the second largest for men. Finding adequate strategies to prevent stress and burnout therefore seems important. This thesis is based on a questionnaire survey among all employees in a Swedish County Council. The overall response rate was 65% (n = 3976). The aims of the thesis were to: (1) Investigate how four burnout categories (non-burnout, disengaged, exhausted, and burnout) are linked to constellations of work characteristics, including self-reported sickness absence, sickness presence and overtime. (2) Test the Job Demand-Resources model in a sample of Swedish healthcare workers. (3) Investigate how burnout relates to self-reported physical and mental health, sleep disturbance, memory and lifestyle factors. (4) Test the effect of participating in a reflecting peer-support group on self-reported health, burnout, and on perceived changes in work conditions. (5) Investigate the factorial structure of the Swedish translation of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, and its predictive validity on future long-term sickness absence. Results revealed that burnout is associated with poorer self-rated health, more depression and anxiety, overtime work, and with future long-term sickness absence as measured by register data. Burnout as a possible pathway to an exhaustion disorder is discussed. Contrary to the general belief, that job demands make all the difference, results indicated that it was the access to/lack of adequate job resources that determined whether an employee was classified as burnt out or not. Additional support for the Job Demands-Resources model was found, insofar that job demands were more closely related to exhaustion, while lack of job resources was more associated with disengagement. Reflecting peer-support groups, using a problem-based method, was tested in a randomized controlled trial, and showed positive intervention effects in self-reported health, participation and development opportunities at work, support at work, and in work demands. Based on the result in this thesis, a fair and empowering leadership, a positive social climate at work, control of decision, and support from superiors, as well as a reasonable work load appear to be important factors in the prevention of burnout. Reflecting peer-support groups using a problem-based method could be a useful and comparatively inexpensive tool in alleviating work-related stress and burnout. Further research is needed, before any conclusions about the usefulness of the method for men can be drawn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet, 2008. 51 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37698 (URN)978-91-7409-041-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-10-22 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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