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Body Size, Skills, and Income: Evidence From 150,000 Teenage Siblings
Lund University, Sweden.
Jönköping University, Sweden; Lund University, Sweden.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Lund University, Sweden. (Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies)
2014 (English)In: Demography, ISSN 0070-3370, E-ISSN 1533-7790, Vol. 51, no 5, p. 1573-1596Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We provide new evidence on the long-run labor market penalty of teenage overweight and obesity using unique and large-scale data on 150,000 male siblings from the Swedish military enlistment. Our empirical analysis provides four important results. First, we provide the first evidence of a large adult male labor market penalty for being overweight or obese as a teenager. Second, we replicate this result using data from the United States and the United Kingdom. Third, we note a strikingly strong within-family relationship between body size and cognitive skills/noncognitive skills. Fourth, a large part of the estimated body-size penalty reflects lower skill acquisition among overweight and obese teenagers. Taken together, these results reinforce the importance of policy combating early-life obesity in order to reduce healthcare expenditures as well as poverty and inequalities later in life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 51, no 5, p. 1573-1596
Keywords [en]
Obesity, Overweight, Discrimination, Earnings, Skills
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38554DOI: 10.1007/s13524-014-0325-6ISI: 000344321900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84909992900OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-38554DiVA, id: diva2:769912
Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Rooth, Dan-Olof

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf