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Relationships between pain and quality of life: Findings from the Swedish National study on Aging and Care - Blekinge study
Blekinge University of Technology. (SNAC-Blekinge)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. (SNAC - Blekinge)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6532-3877
Blekinge University of Technology. (SNAC - Blekinge)
Lund University. (SNAC)
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, ISSN 1877-8860, E-ISSN 1877-8879, Vol. 5, no 4, 270-275 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and aims

The influence of pain as well as Quality of Life (QoL) varies in accordance with biological, social, psychological and existential factors. This study investigates the influence of such factors on the relationship between pain and QoL among older adults from a gender perspective.

Methods

The Swedish National Study on Aging and Care (SNAC-Blekinge) baseline sample comprised 1402 individuals aged 60–96 years, of whom 769 (55%) reported pain. The participants were invited by a letter to take part in the study, which was carried out by research staff in two sessions of three hour each. Participants gave informed consent and completed a questionnaire between the two sessions. The reason for non-participation was registered among subjects who declined the invitation. Pain and insomnia were self-reported. Data on age, gender and if living alone or not were collected from the questionnaire. Co-morbidity was obtained from electronic patients records for a period of up to two years prior to participating in the SNAC study. SoC was measured by a translated short form from the original twenty-nine question instrument. QoL, was estimated using the HRQL Medical Outcome Study-Short Form (SF 12). In a model, pain, age, sex, insomnia, co-morbidity, living alone, sense of coherence (SOC), household economy, education and QoL were calculated through multivariate logistic regression.

Results

Among women, pain was found to have the highest OR (odds ratio) for low QoL [OR 2.27 (CI 1.36–3.78)], followed by low economic status [OR 1.75 (CI 1.08–2.84)], co-morbidity [OR 1.24 (CI 1.05–1.46)], low SOC [OR 1.08 (CI 1.06–1.10)] and lower age [OR 1.05 (CI 1.02–1.08)]. In men, insomnia was found to be the main contributor to low QoL [OR 1.86 (CI 1.04–3.33)], followed by low SOC [OR 1.08 (CI 1.05–1.11)] and lower age [OR 1.04 (CI 1.01–1.07)].

Conclusions

Pain has a strong relationship with low QoL among elderly women. Insomnia is associated with low QoL among men who suffer less from pain. Thus the main result is a striking gender difference: Elderly women suffer from pain, elderly men suffer from insomnia.

Implications

It is important to take account of sex, age, sleep problems, co-morbidity, SOC and economic status in order to understand the relationship between pain and QoL among older adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 5, no 4, 270-275 p.
Keyword [en]
Pain, Insomnia, QoL, Older adults, Gender
National Category
Psychology Nursing
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38568DOI: 10.1016/j.sjpain.2014.05.029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-38568DiVA: diva2:770105
Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2017-02-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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