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Overcoming the Triple Helix Boundaries in an Environmental Research Collaboration
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (ESEG)
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3117-476X
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (ESEG)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1903-760X
2017 (English)In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 44, no 2, 153-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cross-sector interactions between university and other sectors are increasingly important to contemporary knowledge production. However, there are few guidelines for conducting such interactions at the micro-level of actor or research group. The aim of this study was to provide a better understanding of cross-sector collaboration by drawing upon the theory of knowledge boundaries. The main author worked as an action researcher, specifically an interactive researcher, within an environmental research group that was focused on solving on-site industry wastewater issues. Using this approach, we created arenas for dialogue between sectors. During this three-year European Union project, built on three years of previous research, there was an increased demand for the group to develop applied results and to interact with other sectors. Thus, the researchers were challenged to cross boundaries and share their knowledge with partners outside academia. We argue that difficulties are encountered when crossing information process-oriented, cultural, and political boundaries. These difficulties are related to the move between Mode 1 and Mode 2 of knowledge production and the triple helix approach. Solutions to these issues were solved, in part, by the use of boundary spanners and boundary management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2017. Vol. 44, no 2, 153-162 p.
Keyword [en]
triple helix, mode 2, interactive research, environmental science, usefulness of science, research collaboration
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation; Social Sciences, Sociology; Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38853DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw045ISI: 000401745500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-38853DiVA: diva2:777832
Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2017-07-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. An Interactive Research Approach to the Triple Helix Model in Environmental Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Interactive Research Approach to the Triple Helix Model in Environmental Science
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Increased interaction between scientists and the social environment is considered to be one of the characteristics of modern science. This interaction can occur through collaboration between different sectors in society. In connection to this, the Triple Helix model claims that interaction between university, industry and public sectors, is key to modern innovation development. So far, cross-sector interaction between actors in environmental science has been scarcely studied in a scientific manner. Most studies carried out in the area have disregarded the actual practice of such collaborations and what happens in projects where these sectors interact. As this has become a common way to solve environmental problems, it is of considerable importance to gain more knowledge about this process. The objective of this research was to study and explain cross-sector collaboration. Using the interactive research method, characterised by joint learning and interaction with the participants, this was explored through two case studies. The method was well suited for studying ongoing interactions between the university, industry and public sectors. The first case was an international collaboration between representatives of the Triple Helix sectors. Here, olive-mill wastewater in Greece was the focus. The Triple Helix framework was used both on the intended analytical level and at a management level closer to the actor level of the participants. The second case was a three-year environmental research project in the Kalmar region where strong university-industry collaboration was carried out in order to find wastewater treatment solutions in the wood industry. This collaboration was extended to include more actors in the region during the process. The actual practice of these cases showed the importance of a dialogue between participants. Triple Helix can be used as an initial framework for such a dialogue through which the model is redefined by input from all sectors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Linnaeus University, 2015. 78 p.
Series
Licentiate thesis in environmental science
Keyword
university-industry collaboration, triple helix, interactive research, wastewater, relevance of research, third task
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology; Natural Science, Environmental Science; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38858 (URN)978-91-87925-40-5 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-01-30, Fullriggaren, Landgången 3, Kalmar, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-01-28 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2016-11-02Bibliographically approved
2. Environmental research collaboration: Cross-sector knowledge production in environmental science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental research collaboration: Cross-sector knowledge production in environmental science
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Sektorsövergripande samverkan för kunskapsproduktion i miljövetenskapen
Abstract [en]

Increased interaction between science and society is recognised as one of the characteristics of contemporary science. Solving the complex environmental problems of our day also necessitate such interactions. In this thesis, theories of knowledge production and innovation, including the triple helix and Mode 2, were used to analyse and assess environmental science critically. The triple helix model claims that interaction between university, industry, and government, is essential for innovation development. The Mode 2 of science emphasises the social embeddedness of science. These theories of knowledge production are situated on a macro level. Most studies carried out about this have disregarded the interactions in practice between science and society. The aim of the thesis was to explore how these theories manifest themselves in practice. Further, the aim was to contribute to knowledge about cross-sector interactions in environmental research collaboration. Interactive research was conducted in three environmental research projects. One survey was also conducted on a national level. Results are distributed in five research papers. Firstly, the results showed that the triple helix became somethings else on a project level. Further, when working in a triple helix-based collaboration participants encountered boundaries and which could be crossed using boundary-spanning means. The use of dialogue arenas in interactive research, meaning research oriented workshops and seminars, aided both participants and the researcher to cross disciplinary and cross-sector boundaries. Solving environmental problems, using cross-sector research collaboration, necessitated the recognition of the collaborative process itself. An abstract environmental idea such as the circular economy was also found to contribute to bridging the gaps between research and society. Lastly, the research showed that environmental scientists reflect upon the relevance of their research. The scientists felt the need to provide society with relevant research and adjust their research choices due to this. This thesis ends up with a discussion about a Mode 3 of knowledge production where the democratisation of research is crucial. Here a fourth helix represents the further inclusion of society in general. A fifth helix includes the natural environment as a driver for collaboration, forming a quintuple helix which incorporates the environmental relevance into collaboration. This thesis contributes to knowledge about theories of knowledge production, cross-sector research collaboration and the role of environmental science in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2017. 145 p.
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 273/2017
Keyword
Triple helix, quintuple helix, Mode 3, cross-sector research collaboration, interactive research; boundaries, knowledge production, relevance of research, environmental science
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Social Sciences, Sociology; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60611 (URN)978-91-88357-55-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-03, Fullriggaren, Kocken, Landgången 4, Kalmar, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-02-16 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-03-16Bibliographically approved

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Rosenlund, JoacimRosell, ErikHogland, William
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