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The Rescaling of Immigration and the Creation of ‘Areas of Outsiderness’ in Sweden: The Case of Landskrona
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2015 (English)In: Sociologica, ISSN 1971-8853, E-ISSN 1971-8853, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, ethnic residential segregation has been a problem associated traditionally with the largest metropolitan areas of the country. In recent years, however, growing attention has been paid to the areas of immigrant concentration located outside the largest metropolitan areas. Landskrona is one of the most renowned Swedish municipalities, among those located outside the largest metropolitan areas, in which the recent growth of the immigrant population has led to high levels of ethnic residential segregationand, therefore, to the appearance of what Swedish policy makers define as“areas of outsiderness”. Whereas Swedish debates on ethnic residential segregation are dominated by attention to the social and ethnic composition ofsegregated neighbourhoods, this article focuses on how immigrant settlement patterns in Landskrona have been influenced primarily by immigration policy developments over time as well as by the downscaling of this city within the Swedish urban hierarchy. In recent decades, Landskrona has in fact gone from being an economically buoyant and socially balanced industrial city into adeclining and polarized city which is struggling to find a new post-industrial identity. The growth of the immigrant population in Landskrona also has been encouraged by the general unravelling of the Swedish welfare state, which has been associated with an increase in regional imbalances in economic development as well as in housing availability and affordability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bologna, Italy: Societa Editrice Il Mulino, 2015. no 2
Keyword [en]
Rescaling, Immigration, Landskrona, Residential Segregation
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology; Social Sciences, Human Geography; Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-39302DOI: 10.2383/81427OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-39302DiVA: diva2:782496
Available from: 2015-01-21 Created: 2015-01-21 Last updated: 2016-02-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The spatial manifestation of inequality: Residential segregation in Sweden and its causes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The spatial manifestation of inequality: Residential segregation in Sweden and its causes
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis examines the relationship between income inequality and residential segregation in Swedish cities. In recent years, in Sweden, much attention has been given to the direction of causality from residential segregation to income inequality. Residential segregation is considered to lead to a differentiation of opportunities between neighbourhoods and, therefore, to be a contributing factor to or even a major cause of income inequality in cities. The thesis focuses on the opposite direction of causality, from income inequality to residential segregation. In fact, residential segregation can also be seen as the spatial manifestation of existing disparities in income distribution, since residential location choices are always (although not exclusively) made within a predetermined framework of economic constraints.

Specifically, two research questions are addressed in this thesis. What institutional factors, in the Swedish context, favour the transformation of the social divide between specific population subgroups into a spatial divide between those groups? To what extent and in what ways does income inequality contribute to the development of residential segregation in Swedish cities?

The first part of the thesis explains why Swedish cities are characterized by higher levels of residential segregation than cities of other countries characterized by higher levels of income inequality. The historical and comparative analyses developed in the first two studies indicate that it is not so much the magnitude of immigration that accounts for this difference between Swedish cities and their more unequal counterparts in other countries but, rather, the institutional factors influencing the modes of incorporation of immigrants into cities.

The second part of the thesis analyses how, in recent decades, the increase in income inequality has influenced residential segregation patterns in Malmö and in the three major Swedish metropolitan areas. The third and the fourth study show that, during the studied period, the widening of income disparities between neighbourhoods mirrored the general upward trend in income inequality in the population. The growth of the immigrant population contributed only slightly to this trend and income inequality was primarily driven by changes in the distribution of market incomes. During the late study period, however, income sorting processes have played a steadily more important role in contributing to economic residential segregation. Therefore, neighbourhood-based urban policies have not succeeded to reverse, or even just impede, the trend towards an increased spatial clustering of poverty and wealth in Swedish cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 201/2015
Keyword
residential segregation, income inequality, immigration, immigration policy regime, welfare state, housing, Sweden, Malmö, Genoa, Swedish metropolitan areas
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology; Social Sciences, Social Work; Social Sciences, Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-39308 (URN)978-91-87925-32-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-02-27, Sal Myrdal, Hus K, Växjö, Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-01-22 Created: 2015-01-21 Last updated: 2015-01-22Bibliographically approved

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