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Control of IBMIR (Instant Blood-Mediated Inflammatory Reaction) to improve islets of Langerhans engraftement
Uppsala University.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences. Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7888-1571
Uppsala University.
2011 (English)In: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation, ISSN 1087-2418, E-ISSN 1531-7013, Vol. 16, no 6, 620-626 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose of review Transplantation of islets of Langerhans is an emerging treatment procedure for patients with severe type 1 diabetes, but despite recent progress the procedure is associated with massive tissue loss caused by an inflammatory reaction termed instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR). This reactioninvolves activation of the complement and coagulation cascades, ultimately resulting in clot formation and infiltration of leukocytes into the islets, which leadsto disruption of islet integrity and islet destruction. Recent findings In this review we discuss basic mechanisms underlying the IBMIR and emerging strategies for therapeutic regulation of the IBMIR. These include the use ofselective inhibitors of the coagulation and complement systems, different procedures to coat the surface of the islets as well as the development ofcomposite islet-endothelial cell grafts. Summary The IBMIR is a major cause of tissue loss in clinical islet transplantation, and most likely in other cell therapies in which cells are exposed to blood. Thus, it is an obvious target for therapeutic intervention. Due to its complexity, it is necessary to use different strategies to control the IBMIR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 16, no 6, 620-626 p.
National Category
Immunology
Research subject
Natural Science, Biomedical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-40424DOI: 10.1097/MOT.0b013e32834c2393ISI: 000296800300009PubMedID: 21971510OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-40424DiVA: diva2:790692
Available from: 2015-02-25 Created: 2015-02-25 Last updated: 2016-11-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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