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Polytraumatization in an adult national sample and its association with psychological distress and self-esteem
Linköping University.
Linköping University.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Linköping University.
2015 (English)In: Brain and Behavior, ISSN 2162-3279, E-ISSN 2162-3279, Vol. 5, no 1, 62-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported experiences of potential childhood traumas and polytraumatization, and to find cut-off values for different kinds of potential traumatic events in a national representative sample of adults in Sweden. In addition, to analyse the association between polytraumatization and both psychological distress and global self-esteem. Method: A web-based survey - containing SCL-25 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Linkoping Difficult Life Events Scale - Adult - was sent out to a nationally reprative sample and 5062 people chose to participate in the study. Results: Results showed that almost everyone (97%) has experienced at least one potential traumatic event and that polytraumatization (the 10% of the participants with most reported traumas) was significantly (Z=12.57, P<0.001, r=0.18) associated with psychological distress and global self-esteem. Gender differences were significant (Z=8.44, P<0.001, r=0.12), in that men experience more noninterpersonal traumas but women report more symptoms. The effect sizes regarding the impact of potential trauma on self-esteem were largest for women with experience of polytraumatization in the age group 18-25 (r=0.48). There was almost linear increase in psychological distress and linear decrease in self-esteem with increasing number of traumatic events experienced. Conclusion: Experience of polytrauma can be considered an important factor to take into account in psychiatric settings as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, no 1, 62-74 p.
Keyword [en]
Adults, anxiety, depression, polytraumatization, self-esteem
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-40906DOI: 10.1002/brb3.298ISI: 000349034700007PubMedID: 25722950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-40906DiVA: diva2:795871
Available from: 2015-03-17 Created: 2015-03-17 Last updated: 2016-05-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf