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Perceptions of leadership behavior and the relation­ship to athletes among Scandinavian coaches
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norway.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1976-409X
University of Agder, Norway.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
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2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 5, 131-148 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the perceptions of leadership behavior and coach–athlete relationship in Scandinavian coaches. A secondary purpose was to investigate if differences in national sport education, level of coaching and coaching experiences in individual or team sport have an influence on leadership behavior and coach–athlete relationships. One hundred and forty nine coaches at international level or national top level from Denmark, Norway and Sweden participated in this study (134 male and 15 female). The methods of investigation were Chelladurai’s Leadership scale of sport (LSS) (Chelladurai & Saleh, 1980) and Jowett’s coach–athlete relationship perspective (Jowett & Wyllemann, 2006). The results showed that the most frequent self-reported behavioral components between the described coach–athlete relationship subscales and preferred leadership behavior among Scandinavian top-level coaches were training and instructions, positive feedback and democratic behavior, respectively. The study also revealed a positive coach–athlete relationship between (1) commitment and training and instruction, (2) positive feedback and social support, and (3) between complementarities and training and instruction behavior. A significant difference was found between top coaches in Denmark and Sweden on commitment and complementarity, and more experienced coaches used significantly more training and instruction and social support in their coaching than did less experienced coaches. Coaches in team sports reported more autocratic behavior and less democratic behavior than coaches in individual sports.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 5, 131-148 p.
Keyword [en]
coaching behavior, coach–athlete relationship, Scandinavian sport coaches
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sport Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-42280OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-42280DiVA: diva2:805068
Available from: 2015-04-14 Created: 2015-04-14 Last updated: 2015-05-26Bibliographically approved

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Fahlström, Per GöranHageskog, Carl-Axel
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf