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Strength properties of juvenile and mature wood in black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.)
Technological Educational Institute of Karditsa, Greece.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6909-2025
Technological Educational Institute of Karditsa, Greece.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
2007 (English)In: Wood and Fiber Science, ISSN 0735-6161, Vol. 39, no 2, 241-249 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study was undertaken to investigate the strength properties of juvenile and mature wood in black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.). Wood specimens were prepared from various stem heights, up to 9 m, of five naturally-grown black locust trees, 21-37 years old. Mechanical properties tested included moduli of rupture (MOR) and elasticity (MOE), and pure modulus of elasticity (PMOE) in static bending, stress wave modulus of elasticity (SWMOE) in dynamic strength, axial compression, and toughness. Comparisons between juvenile and mature wood specimens of similar densities (0.667-0.894 g/cm3 and 0.682-0.892 g/cm3, respectively) showed that juvenile wood had a statistically significant lower mean MOR (138.78 N/mm2), MOE (13,936 N/mm2), PMOE (18,125 N/mm2), SWMOE (16,813 N/mm2) and toughness strength (155.25 KJ/m2) than the mature wood (148.29 N/mm2, 14,747 N/mm2, 19,498 N/mm2, 17,635 N/mm2 and 181.27 KJ/m2, respectively). On the contrary, no statistically significant differences were found for the mean strength in axial compression among juvenile (63.75 N/mm2) and mature wood (66.65 N/mm2). Fractured surfaces of juvenile and mature wood specimens in static bending and toughness were classified into the "splintering tension" type of failure, while compression failures were of the "shearing type" according to ASTM D 143-83 standards. Lower strength of juvenile wood in most of the properties examined may be attributed to anatomical and chemical properties rather than density of wood specimens. The adverse influence of juvenile wood on strength properties should be considered for effective management (e.g. longer rotation age and other genetic and forest or plantation management measures that reduce juvenile wood content) and utilization of the species.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society of Wood Science and Technology , 2007. Vol. 39, no 2, 241-249 p.
Keyword [en]
Black locust, juvenile wood, mature wood, static bending, dynamic strength, compression, toughness
National Category
Wood Science
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-42408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-42408DiVA: diva2:805477
Available from: 2015-04-15 Created: 2015-04-15 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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