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Non-equilibrium ionization states in galaxy clusters
Univ Paris 06, France ; CNRS, France ; Korea Astron & Space Sci Inst, South Korea.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6511-4330
2010 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 509, A29Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context. X-ray imaging observatories have revealed hydrodynamic structures with linear scales of similar to 10 kpc in clusters of galaxies, such as shock waves in the 1E0657-56 and A520 galaxy clusters and the hot plasma bubble in the MKW 3s cluster. The future X-ray observatory IXO will for the first time resolve the metal distribution in galaxy clusters at the these scales. Aims. Heating of plasmas by shocks and AGN activities can result in non-equilibrium ionization states of metal ions. We study the effect of the non-equilibrium ionization at linear scales of less than or similar to 50 kpc in galaxy clusters. Methods. A condition for non-equilibrium ionization is derived by comparing the ionization time-scale with the age of hydrodynamic structures. Modeling of non-equilibrium ionization is performed at a point in time when the plasma temperature suddenly changes. An analysis of the relaxation processes of the FeXXV and FeXXVI ions by means of eigenvectors of the transition matrix is given. Results. We conclude that the non-equilibrium ionization of iron can occur in galaxy clusters if the baryonic overdensity delta is smaller than 11.0/tau, where tau << 1 is the ratio of the hydrodynamic structure age to the Hubble time. Our modeling indicates that the emissivity in the helium-like emission lines of iron increases as a result of the deviation from the ionization equilibrium. A slow process of helium-like ionic fraction relaxation was analyzed. A new way to determine a shock velocity is proposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 509, A29
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
Physics, Astroparticle Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-42858DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200913195ISI: 000274159400041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-42858DiVA: diva2:807496
Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-23 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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