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Missing baryons in shells around galaxy clusters
Univ Paris 06, CNRS, France ; Moscow Phys Tech Inst, Russia.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6511-4330
2008 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 492, no 3, 651-656 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The cluster baryon fraction is estimated from the CMB-scattering leptonic component of the intracluster medium (ICM); however, the observed cluster baryon fraction is less than the cosmic one. Understanding the origin of this discrepancy is necessary for correctly describing the structure of the ICM. Methods. We estimate the baryonic mass in the outskirts of galaxy clusters which is difficult to observe because of low electron temperature and density in these regions. Results. The time scale for the electrons and protons to reach equipartition in the outskirts is longer than the cluster age. Since thermal equilibrium is not achieved, a significant fraction of the ICM baryons may be hidden in shells around galaxy clusters. We derive the necessary condition on the cluster mass for the concealment of missing baryons in an outer baryon shell and show that this condition is fulfilled because cluster masses are comparable to the estimated characteristic mass M = e(4)/(m(p)(3)G(2)) = 1.3 x 10(15) solar masses. The existence of extreme-ultraviolet emission haloes around galaxy clusters is predicted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 492, no 3, 651-656 p.
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
Physics, Astroparticle Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-42861DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200810480ISI: 000261697900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-42861DiVA: diva2:807509
Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-23 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved

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Prokhorov, Dmitry
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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  • asciidoc
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