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Discovery of TeV Gamma-Ray Emission toward Supernova Remnant SNR G78.2+2.1
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2013 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, \apj, Vol. 770, no 2, 93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report the discovery of an unidentified, extended source of very-high-energy gamma-ray emission, VER J2019+407, within the radio shell of the supernova remnant SNR G78.2+2.1, using 21.4 hr of data taken by the VERITAS gamma-ray observatory in 2009. These data confirm the preliminary indications of gamma-ray emission previously seen in a two-year (2007-2009) blind survey of the Cygnus region by VERITAS. VER J2019+407, which is detected at a post-trials significance of 7.5 standard deviations in the 2009 data, is localized to the northwestern rim of the remnant in a region of enhanced radio and X-ray emission. It has an intrinsic extent of  and its spectrum is well-characterized by a differential power law (dN/dE = N 0 × (E/TeV)–Γ) with a photon index of Γ = 2.37 ± 0.14stat ± 0.20sys and a flux normalization of N 0 = 1.5 ± 0.2stat ± 0.4sys × 10–12 photon TeV–1 cm–2 s–1. This yields an integral flux of 5.2 ± 0.8stat ± 1.4sys × 10–12 photon cm–2 s–1above 320 GeV, corresponding to 3.7% of the Crab Nebula flux. We consider the relationship of the TeV gamma-ray emission with the GeV gamma-ray emission seen from SNR G78.2+2.1 as well as that seen from a nearby cocoon of freshly accelerated cosmic rays. Multiple scenarios are considered as possible origins for the TeV gamma-ray emission, including hadronic particle acceleration at the SNR shock.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 770, no 2, 93
Keyword [en]
acceleration of particles, cosmic rays, gamma rays: general, ISM: supernova remnants
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
Physics, Astroparticle Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-42791DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/770/2/93OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-42791DiVA: diva2:807548
Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-23 Last updated: 2015-05-05Bibliographically approved

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Prokoph, Heike
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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