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A first online intervention to increase patients’ perceived ability to act in situations of abuse in health care: reports of a Swedish pre-post study
Linköping University, Sweden.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5200-1740
Linköping University, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: BMC Medical Ethics, ISSN 1472-6939, Vol. 16, 35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Efforts to counteract abuse in health care, defined as patient-experienced abuse, have mainly focused on interventions among caregivers. This study is the first to test an online intervention focusing on how patients can counteract such abuse. The intervention aimed at increasing patients’ intention and perceived ability to act in future situations where they risk experiencing abuse.

Methods

Participants were recruited through a nephrology clinic in Sweden. The intervention consisted of an online program that aimed to stimulate patients to think of possible actions in situations in which they risk experiencing abuse. The program comprised stories and exercises in text and comic form. The participants filled out a questionnaire immediately before and after going through the program, as well as during follow-up four to eight weeks later.

Results

Forty-eight patients (39 %) participated in the study and spent, on average, 41 min responding to questions and going through the program. Both men and women, of various ages and educational backgrounds, participated. An increase in participants' self-reported ability to identify opportunities to act in a given situation was seen immediately afterwards, as well as during follow up.

Conclusion

The current study suggests that it is feasible and most likely useful to a variety of patients to work with the provided material that has the aim of counteracting abuse in health care. It would be of interest to further develop ways of using comics and to test similar interventions in other health care settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 16, 35
Keyword [en]
Abuse in health care, Patient intervention, Online intervention, Patient empowerment, Comics
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-43759DOI: 10.1186/s12910-015-0027-7ISI: 000359415300001PubMedID: 26003674OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-43759DiVA: diva2:818114
Available from: 2015-06-08 Created: 2015-06-08 Last updated: 2015-12-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf