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Assessing tourism's global environmental impact 1900-2050
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund Univ, Sweden ; Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0505-9207
NHTV Breda Univ Appl Sci, Netherlands ; Delft Univ Technol, Netherlands ; Wageningen Univ, Netherlands .
2015 (English)In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 23, no 5, 639-659 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper pioneers the assessment of tourism's total global resource use, including its fossil fuel consumption, associated CO2 emissions, fresh water, land, and food use. As tourism is a dynamic growth system, characterized by rapidly increasing tourist numbers, understanding its past, current, and future contributions to global resource use is a central requirement for sustainable tourism assessments. The paper introduces the concept of resource use intensities (RUIs), which represent tourism's resource needs per unit of consumption (e.g. energy per guest night). Based on estimates of RUIs, a first assessment of tourism's global resource use and emissions is provided for the period 1900-2050, utilizing the Peeters Global Tourism Transport Model. Results indicate that the current (2010) global tourism system may require c.16,700 PJ of energy, 138 km(3) of fresh water, 62,000 km(2) of land, and 39.4 Mt of food, also causing emissions of 1.12 Gt CO2. Despite efforts to implement more sustainable forms of tourism, analysis indicates that tourism's overall resource consumption may grow by between 92% (water) and 189% (land use) in the period 2010-2050. To maintain the global tourism system consequently requires rapidly growing resource inputs, while the system is simultaneously becoming increasingly vulnerable to disruptions in resource flows.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 23, no 5, 639-659 p.
Keyword [en]
energy, food, fresh water, greenhouse gas emissions, land use, scenarios, tourism
National Category
Economics and Business Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Tourism
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-45993DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2015.1008500ISI: 000352584200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-45993DiVA: diva2:850312
Available from: 2015-09-01 Created: 2015-09-01 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf